Genoa (Genoa, Italian name: Genova) is a city and the capital of the Liguria region in Italy, as well as a major seaport of the country.
Genoa is located between the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) and the Ligurian Apennine Mountains.
The history of the city dates back to antiquity. During the history of Genoa, it has experienced both periods of decline and heyday, and has also been and is the largest port of the country.
Today Genoa is one of the largest and most densely populated cities in Italy.
This ancient Italian city with a rich history attracts tourists with a warm climate, the sea, as well as the possibility and convenience of traveling to the beautiful small resort towns of Liguria, because Genoa is the center of the famous Ligurian Riviera. Genoa is home to the Christopher Columbus International Airport (Aeroporto di Genova-Cristoforo Colombo). Flights to Genoa →
Genoa itself is rich in attractions, including parks, churches, historical buildings, former palaces and castles, some of which are now museums. Also in Genoa are the Old Port and the Old Town - the historical center, which is now the main tourist destination in the city. Hotels in Genoa
Christopher Columbus and Genoa
The most famous world native of Genoa is the Spanish navigator Christopher Columbus, who discovered the New World (America). Although there is no convincing evidence of his Genoese origin.
In the center of Genoa, near the railway station of Principe (Genova Piazza Principe), stands the monument to Christopher Columbus (Monumento a Cristoforo Colombo).
It is also possible for tourists to visit the house-museum in which Columbus may have lived in his youth.
The House of Christopher Columbus (Casa di Cristoforo Colombo) is a reconstruction of the 18th century, an original medieval building that consists of two floors: the first floor was used as the workshop of his father, Domenico Colombo, who was engaged in wool weaving and trade; on the upper floor there was a residential family house. According to written sources, Christopher lived here in the period, approximately, between 1455 and 1470.
The Christopher Columbus House Museum is located in the historical center of Genoa. Learn more about the Christopher Columbus House...
The coast of Genoa. Port and beaches of Genoa
The coast of Genoa stretches for 30 kilometers along the sea line - the Gulf of Genoa.
There are no beaches in the center of Genoa. The coast of the city center is occupied by a large port, part of which isThe old port (Porto antico di Genova) with a beautiful wide embankment.
The old port is used as a marina, a residential and tourist center, as well as a place of entertainment and cultural services.
In the port there are: attractions, an aquarium, a botanical garden, a panoramic elevator, museums, a Ferris wheel, places for walking and recreation, where various tourist, musical, cultural and sports events are held.
Also attracting attention is the Lighthouse of Genoa, built of masonry with a height of 76 meters (249 feet) and is the fifth tallest lighthouse in the world. More about the Old Port of Genoa...
The beaches of Genoa are located in the eastern and western parts of the coast from the center, consisting of small areas that smoothly flow into one another.
Initially, the districts were autonomous municipalities, but after 1874-1926 they were incorporated into Greater Genoa and are now its suburbs.
Along the sea line of the districts there are carriageways and pedestrian sidewalks, which are also embankments, along which you can walk from district to district. Each of the districts has its own attractions.
- Foce, where the main embankment of Genoa originates - Corso Italia, which runs along the coast of the Albaro district to the ancient fishing village of Boccadasse;
- Albaro, famous for its beaches, the bulk of which are paid beach clubs with all the necessary infrastructure.
A separate part of the Albaro district is allocated Boccadasse is a small historical fishing village and one of the most charming and visited places on the Genoese coast;
- Sturla, the coast of which is characterized by the presence of two picturesque beaches: Vernazzola and the beach of the same name Sturla.
Also in the area stands out the castle Turcke (castello Türcke) in the style of an eclectic, which is a building of the early 20th century (1903), stylized as a small castle;
- Quarto dei Mille, the coast of which is indented by coves surrounded by rocky and rocky formations.
Notable in the Quarto area are: religious architecture (churches and an abbey), villas whose structure dates back to the 14th century, as well as the CUS Genova Golf Academy Golf Club and a small children's amusement park Magic Zena;
- Quinto al Mare, the coast is similar to the Quarto area, but less extended;
- Nervi, unofficially considered a resort, with its particularly mild climate and is one of the most popular and extended areas in the vicinity of the center of Genoa.
In the area there are: the port of Nervi, which is a small harbor surrounded by buildings of characteristic Ligurian architecture, painted in bright colors; the Anita Garibaldi embankment (passeggiata Anita Garibaldi), running along the sea line along a long cliff to the eastern tip of the Nervi district.
The area is also notable for several gardens and villas;
- Sant'Ilario is the last eastern district of Genoa.
The coast of Sant Ilario is characterized by rocky formations with a minimum of beaches.
The western part of the coast of Genoa not as attractive as the eastern one. There are three districts here:
- Peli or Pegli - one of the most picturesque and interesting areas of Greater Genoa with beaches and a beautiful promenade.
In Pegli, it is noteworthy Villa Durazzo Pallavicini - a historical ensemble consisting of a villa and an adjacent park. Today it is a museum;
- Pra (Pra') is the central area of the western part of the coast of Genoa.
Although Pra is located along the coast, there are no beaches in the area. The coastline in this part of Genoa is occupied by the port and yacht zones;
- Voltri - the last of the areas of the western part of the coast.
In the center of Voltri there are two beaches, apparently distributed and named after the names of two large churches located near the beaches.
Genoa Old Town - the center of Genoa
The Old Town of Genoa (also known as the historical center, Centro storico di Genova) is located in the city center (near the Old Port) and is one of the largest and most densely populated historical centers in Europe. Its area is 113 hectares.
Part of the historical center of Genoa is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The structure and architecture of the old city of Genoa reflect different eras.
The center of the old town is a maze of narrow streets (caruggi) with small attractive squares and an abundance of attractions. Along the streets, historical buildings rise in dense rows, including churches, cathedrals and former palaces. In some of the historical buildings today there are shops, souvenir shops, cafes, bars, restaurants and accommodation facilities (hotels, apartments)
The main attractions of the old town of Genoa include
The Palazzo San Giorgio is one of the most important and, without a doubt, beautiful historical buildings of Genoa, consisting of two parts: the older part - a typical example of medieval civil architecture and the Renaissance bright part facing the sea, with facades completely covered with frescoes.
Currently, the Palazzo San Giorgio houses the administration of the Port of Genoa. Some rooms can be visited. More about the San Giorgio Palace...
Piazza De Ferrari, which connects the historical center and the more modern part of the city.
The square has an irregular shape due to the union of two adjacent areas, which is also evidenced by the different architectural styles of buildings around the square.
The center of the square has been decorated since 1936 with the most famous fountain of Genoa, designed by architect Giuseppe Croza di Vergagni.
- the della Borsa palace or the Palace of the Stock Exchange (Palazzo della Borsa / Palazzo della Nuova Borsa Valori) and the Palazzo del Credito Italiano, erected by Giuseppe Tallero in 1914. More about Ferrari Square...
The Cathedral of St. Lawrence (Cattedrale di San Lorenzo, Duomo di Genova), consecrated by Pope Gelasius II in 1118, when the Duomo was not yet completed, and the facade was missing. Between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries, the cathedral was erected and then rebuilt as a fundamental medieval building with some later additions and reconstructions. The full-fledged construction of the cathedral was completed in the 17th century.
Entrance to the cathedral is free (free).
Within the walls of the cathedral, you can visit the cathedral's treasure museum for a fee. More about Genoa Cathedral...
The three most famous streets of the center of Genoa are Via Garibaldi, Via Cairoli and Via Balbi, notable for their luxurious Renaissance palaces, including the Red Palace and Palazzo Reale, which house museums.
- The Sopran Gate or the Gate of St. Andrew (Porta Soprana / Porta di Sant'Andrea, Ligurian name: Pòrta de Sant'Andria) is the best preserved stone medieval gate, part of the second fortress wall of the 12th century.
The port of Sopran can be visited in a complex with other attractions. Learn more about the Sopran Gate...
- the Vacca Gate (Porta dei Vacca), formerly part of the defensive structures of the 12th century and is the entrance gate to the city from the west. More about the Vacca Gate...
Spinola Palace - nowThe National Gallery (Palazzo Spinola National Gallery), where the works of the greatest Genoese, Flemish and European artists, as well as a collection of ceramics, are presented in the atmosphere of a 16th-century palace.
The complex of San Giovanni di Pré (Commenda di San Giovanni di Pré), which is one of the historical gems of Genoa and is a medieval complex of two churches and an ancient hospital.
The current complex was erected, starting in 1180, on the site where there was previously a church dedicated to the Holy Sepulchre, built according to some sources in 636, although the first documentary evidence dates back to 1098.
Today you can visit the historical premises and the church in the complex. More about the complex...
Villa del Principe, also known as the Princely Palace or Palazzo di Andrea Doria (Paxo do Dria Doria) is the largest and most luxurious noble residence in the center of Genoa, built as a private country mansion that belonged to several generations of the Doria Pamphili family, originally the Genoese admiral and statesman Andrea Doria.
A small garden adjoins the villa.
Of particular interest is the interior of the villa, which has preserved frescoes with mythological themes and tapestries, as well as a monumental staircase. More about Villa Principe...
The main shopping street of the center of Genoa
The 20th of September Street (Via XX Settembre) is one of the main streets of the center of Genoa and the main artery of the commercial district of the city.
The length of the Via on September 20 is about 850 meters.
There is a driveway along the street and sidewalks on both sides of it. Portico buildings, on the ground floors of which boutiques, shops and cafes are located, attract neo-Renaissance style with intricate decoration of facades, massive projecting balconies, pilasters and decorated windows. More about the street on September 20...
Victory Square (Piazza della Vittoria / Piazza Vittoria) is one of the central and largest squares of Genoa.
The center of the square is decorated with the monumental Victory Arch (Arco della Vittoria / Arco della Vittoria), which is a memorial arch dedicated to the Genoese who died during the First World War. More about Victory Square...
The Staircase of the Caravels
Near Victory Square there is the staircase of the Unknown Soldier or the staircase of the Caravels (Scalinata delle Caravelle), climbing the green slope of the Carignano hill (Carignano).
The intervals of the flights of stairs are decorated in the form of flower beds.
From the top of the stairs there are wonderful panoramic views of Victory Square and the surrounding area.
Observation decks (observation points) in Genoa
Since Genoa is located on the hills, from some points of the city there are panoramic views of the city itself and the Gulf of Genoa.
The main part of the panoramic viewpoints is located on the hills outside the old town of Genoa.
A popular observation deck-terrace near the historical center is located in the Castelletto quarter, which occupies a hilly area that was outside the city before the construction of New walls in the 17th century. The observation deck (Spianata Castelletto) is especially popular in the quarter, located on the site of the dismantled fort and with a view of the Old Town and the Gulf of Genoa.
Castles and hills of Genoa
One of the most famous hills of the city is the hill of Carigliano (Carignano).
On the hill there are churches (of which the Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta in Carignano stands out / Basilica di S. Maria Assunta in Carignano), as well as Villa Croce, which now houses the Museum of Modern Art (Villa Croce Museum of Contemporary Art) with a permanent collection of Italian and international contemporary art.
Villa Croce in its current form was rebuilt in neoclassical style in the 19th century for Giovanni Giacomo Croce, transforming a previously existing 17th-century villa owned by the Spinola family. In 1951, the villa was donated to the municipality for conversion into a museum.
From the hill of Carignano, you can enjoy views of the port and the sea.
The Castle d'Albertis (Castello d'Albertis) is a historical residence that originally belonged to the sea captain Enrico Alberto d'Albertis.
The castle was built between 1886 and 1992 on the ancient walls of the bastion of the 13th-14th centuries, which were fortified in the 16th century. The castle partially absorbed the remains of an ancient wall and one of the towers.
The Castello Albertis was built in the Gothic Revival style.
Currently, the Museum of World Cultures (Museo delle Culture del Mondo) is located within the walls of the castle.
The castle is surrounded by a public park area. More about the castle and the museum...
The Castle of Bruzzo (Castello Bruzzo) stands on a hill overlooking the port of Genoa and the sea.
Designed in 1904 by Gino Coppede, the castle looks impressive. It consists of four floors with a high tower - partly crenellated and partly with sloping roofs in a combination of stone, red brick and white concrete parts. The loggia in the south is decorated with frescoes on the arches with allegories and zodiac signs inside panels with stylized floral motifs.
The castle is surrounded by a park, which is an elaborate composition of paths, views and elemental decorations, and access is via a suspension bridge over the moat.
Today the castle has several halls and there is a restaurant with a panoramic terrace.
Restaurant website: castellobruzzo.
Castle Mackenzie (Castello Mackenzie), another estate in the Gothic Revival style.
The castle was built in 1893-1905 by architect Gino Coppede on a previously existing country villa located on the site of the Genoese walls of the 16th century.
The estate was opened to the public in 2004 and is now used as a public place for scientific or cultural exhibitions.
The largest park of the city is the natural city park of walls and forts (Parco Urbano delle Mura e i Forti), which is located on the northern outskirts of the city, on the hills, in the area of the New Walls of the city, erected at the end of the 17th century.
The park includes 617 hectares, on which, in addition to the walls, there are several forts built between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.
The park is home to some species of animals and plants that are protected as rare or endemic.
The classic route through the park starts from the upper terminus of the funicular Zecca-Righi and runs in the direction of Fort Castellaccio (Fort Castellaccio) and Sperone (Forte Sperone); from here you can enjoy a panoramic view of the city. Then the path can continue in the direction of Forte Begato (Forte Begato) of the nineteenth century, or go deeper to get to the small Forte Puin and Forte Diamante, located at an altitude of 660 meters above sea level and offering stunning panoramic views.
The route crosses pastures, meadows, forests, ruins of the rural and pastoral past. There are also deviations from the main path that allow you to vary the visit to the park according to individual interests and time.
The monumental cemetery of Staglieno (Staglieno Cimitero Monumentale) is known and attracts because it is one of the most famous cemeteries in the world and occupies a hillside on the outskirts of Genoa.
The cemetery is famous, first of all, for a large number of highly artistic marble tombstones made by notable Italian sculptors of the late 19th century - Santo Varni, Giulio Monteverde and others.
The history of the cemetery dates back to the time of the occupation of Italy by the army of Napoleon, who in 1804 ordered for sanitary purposes to take out all cemeteries outside the city walls. In Genoa, the project of a monumental cemetery was developed by the city architect Carlo Barabino in 1835. In 1872, the funeral of the national hero Giuseppe Mazzini attracted the attention of the whole of Italy to the cemetery; a separate mausoleum was erected over his grave. With the increase in the number of burials, Anglican, Protestant and Jewish sections were allocated.
By the end of the 19th century, the necropolis was considered one of the main attractions of the city.
Where to go from Genoa
Many guests of Liguria use Genoa as a starting point for traveling to the beautiful small resort towns of Liguria, such as: Sanremo, Rapallo, Portofino, Santa Margherita Ligure, Serstri Levante, La Spezia with the Cinque Terri National Park and others.
You can visit the cities and resorts of Liguria on your own or with one of the excursions from the center of Genoa.
Sightseeing buses and locomotives in Genoa
In part of the historical center of Genoa and along the port, you can take a ride on an excursion train or hop-on hop-off bus with an audio guide.
Excursions around Genoa, including bus tours, as well as tickets to museums, can be viewed and purchased here →
Public transport in Genoa
In the center of Genoa is the train station of Principe (Genova Piazza Principe). There are also railway stations in the districts of the city.
Genoa's public transport is well developed.
You can get around the city by buses, metro, trolleybuses, funiculars (Zecca - Righi, Sant'Anna), the Granarolo cog railway and the historic Genoa-Casella railway, there is also an elevator in the city.
Genoa Public Transport website: amt.genova.it .
How to get to Genoa
The most common way to get to Genoa is by plane.
Genoa is home to the Christopher Columbus International Airport (Aeroporto di Genova-Cristoforo Colombo), which regularly receives and sends both domestic and international flights. Flights to Genoa →
Genoa Christopher Columbus Airport is located in the city, about 6 kilometers from the historical center of Genoa.
You can get from the airport to the center of Genoa
Taxi. The fastest and most convenient way to get from the airport to the center of Genoa or any other point in Liguria at any time of the day is a taxi.
You can order a taxi / transfer in advance, even from home. At any time of the day, at the airport, a driver will be waiting for you with a sign where your first and last name will be written. To order a taxi, it is enough to provide your flight data.
Car. If you plan to travel around Liguria and the surrounding area by car, then the ideal option would be to rent a car at the airport.
You can choose and order a car in advance, at the appointed time your car will be waiting for you near the airport or another specified place in the city.
Public transport. Shuttle bus, bus + train.
More information about how to get to Genoa, including by public transport from the airport, can be found here →
To Genoa from other cities and countries
You can also get to Genoa from Milan, Bergamo, Nice, etc.
Ferries and cruise liners arrive at the port of Genoa.
From many cities in Italy, you can get to Genoa by train or bus, both direct (Rome, Milan, Florence, etc.), and with transfers.
Buses can also take you to Genoa from cities in neighboring countries. For example, from Nice, Geneva, Vienna, etc., both on direct (passing) and with transfers. The following services connect the routes themselves.
In addition to public transport, you can always get there by taxi or rented car.
Where to stay in Genoa
The choice of housing in Genoa is very large and diverse. In the city, you can find accommodation for every taste and budget, from budget to good 4-star hotels, apartments and guest houses located both in the city center or near beaches, and more remotely from such.
It is most convenient to stay in the historical center and near the Old Port. So within walking distance there will be all the main attractions, shops and supermarkets, an abundance of cafes and restaurants, as well as railway stations.
The 5-star Grand Hotel Savoia is located in the city center, near the train station.
Guests are offered accommodation in rooms and suites with free Wi-Fi, a free bottle of mineral water and an LCD TV.
The hotel has a restaurant, a lounge bar, a playground with a pirate ship, private parking, a fitness center and a wellness center with a sauna, a hot tub and aromatherapy showers. There are 2 hot tubs on the hotel's terrace.
Breakfast may be included in the room rate. Link to the hotel
Near the airport are: the 4-star Marina Place Resort Hotel with marina views and the 4-star Tower Genova Airport - Hotel & Conference Center Hotel, located less than 500 meters from the airport.
All accommodation facilities in Genoa, including in the city center, near beaches and more remotely from those, can be viewed and booked here
Currency and visas
Italy is part of the Schengen area. To visit the country, you may need travel insurance.
Italy is part of the euro zone, because the country's currency is Euro (€). Both cash and bank cards are accepted for payment in many shops, cafes and restaurants.