Church of Saint Eulalia (Iglesia de Santa Eulalia) is an important and one of the oldest Catholic churches in the city of Palma de Mallorca.
History the Church originates from the 13th century.
In 1229, when Palma was an Arab city and was called Madina-Majorkey (Madina Mayurga), the city surrendered to king James I of Aragon. Then began the transformation of a Muslim town in the Christian and in the first place, it affected the shrines, which were chafed and(or) converted in the Christian Church. What happened with the mosque Dating from the 10th century on the site of which was built the Church of Saint Eulalia.
New Christian city was first divided into two parishes: the parish of San Miguel - now the Basilica of St. Michael (Basilica of St. Michael), located on the street San Miguel; parish of Santa Eulalia. These shrines functioned not only as spiritual but also used them as meeting places of the artisans of the guilds and various ceremonies.
The name of the Church "Saint Eulalia" was named patroness of Barcelona, Saint Eulalia of Barcelona. Saint Eulalia - 13-year-old girl from among the early Christian martyrs (late 3rd century), which received a Christian education and was martyred in the era of the Roman Empire for professing Christianity.
The Church dates back to 1236, although the construction was not finally completed until 1570.
In the year 1276 in the Church of Santa Eulalia, was crowned king of Mallorca Jaime II (son of king Jaime I, ruler of the Kingdom of Aragon).
During the history the Church was repeatedly restored, and she was subjected to various interventions as a result of which changes were made in the appearance of a sanctuary.
At the end of the 19th century reform was carried out, which mainly touched upon the facade, and the exterior mixed different styles. Except for the high and characteristic neo-Gothic bell tower, built in the mid 19th century, the Church of Saint Eulalia is a Gothic building on the model of the Catalan architecture of those times.
The Church consists of three naves with two entrances: one to the main portal is on the side of the eponymous square, the second side, the street side of Previsio (Carrer de la Previsio).
With the main facade of the Church located two terraces. Outside the terrace, the bell tower and some other parts of the Church are decorated with small sculptures of beasts of the medieval era: gargoyles, dragons, harpies, basilisks.
Side portal of the Church (with Previsio)
The interior of the Church of Saint Eulalia is remarkable for its altar in Baroque style of the work of Alberto de Burguy, side chapels and paintings from the 15th century.
There is a legend that in the Church there is a carved image of Jesus Christ the Winner of the 13th century, also known as the Miraculous Christ, of which the conqueror of Mallorca, Jaime I considered his lucky charm and never broke up.
Photos of Plaza de Santa Eulalia