The Curonian Spit is a national park, the territory of which belongs to two states: Russia and Lithuania.
Full official name: National Park "Curonian Spit".
The total length of the Curonian Spit is approximately 98 kilometers, of which about 48 kilometers (the southwestern part of the spit) belongs to Russia (Kaliningrad region) and 50 kilometers to Lithuania.
The Curonian Spit, also known as the sand spit, is a long and narrow (the width of the spit varies from 400 meters to 3.8 kilometers) saber-shaped strip of land, which on the one hand (right, if you navigate from the city of Zelenogradsk) is washed by the Curonian Bay, and on the other (left side) by the Baltic Sea.
The narrow strip of land between the sea and the bay presents a variety of diverse and changeable natural ecosystems: dunes, sandy beaches of the sea and a few bays, lakes, meadows, swamps, as well as spruce, pine and deciduous forests.
This article will focus on the Curonian Spit of the territory of Russia, in particular, how to get to the Curonian Spit from Kaliningrad (airport and city center), Zelenogradsk and Svetlogorsk (including Pionersky and Otradny). And also about how to move along the Curonian Spit and the tariffs for entering the Curonian Spit.
The Russian part of the Curonian Spit is located in the Zelenograd district of the Kaliningrad region. The nearest resort town to the spit is Zelenogradsk.
The main attractions of the Curonian Spit of Russia are: Royal Forest (ecological circular path with access to the Baltic Sea), Muller Height (Steep dune), Rossitten Forest (ecological path), Lake Chaika (the largest freshwater lake of the spit), Lake Swan (lake of Aeolian origin), Efa height (one of the highest dunes in Europe - Orekhovaya dune), Dancing forest (coniferous forest, whose tree trunks loop in bizarre zigzags), a visit center, a museum complex and a field hospital for bird banding "Fringilla". Learn more about all the sights of the Curonian Spit...
In addition to natural attractions on the Curonian Spit, there are lighthouses, equipped beaches and three residential villages (Lesnoy, Rybachy and Morskoye), where cafes, shops are located and there are accommodation facilities (hotels, apartments, houses, recreation centers). All accommodation facilities on the Kursk Spit can be viewed and booked here
How to get to the Curonian Spit
You can also visit the Curonian Spit from Kaliningrad, Svetlogorsk and Zelenogradsk with one of the excursions.
Excursions to the Curonian Spit from Kaliningrad
Excursions to the Curonian Spit from Svetlogorsk
Excursions to the Curonian Spit from Zelenogradsk
Independently on the Curonian Spit from Kaliningrad (airport and city center)
There is one airport in the Kaliningrad Region - the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna International Airport (Khrabrovo), which regularly receives and sends flights from Russian cities and some foreign countries. Flights to Kaliningrad →
The distance from the airport to the Curonian Spit (checkpoint) is about 25 kilometers.
You can get from the airport directly to the Curonian Spit by taxi or car. By public transport - only with a transfer through the center of Kaliningrad.
The fastest and most convenient way to get from the airport to the Curonian Spit or any other point in the Kaliningrad region is a taxi.
You can order a taxi / transfer in advance, even from home. At any time of the day, at the airport, a driver will be waiting for you with a sign where your first and last name will be written. To order a taxi, it is enough to provide your flight data.
If you plan to travel around the Kaliningrad region, including the Curonian Spit, by car, then the ideal option would be to rent a car at the airport.
You can choose and order a car in advance, at the appointed time your car will be waiting for you near the airport.
You can also choose and order a car in the center of Kaliningrad, which is convenient if you decide to walk around the city center for a few days and you don't need a car for this time, and then devote a few days to traveling around the region.
To the Curonian Spit from the center of Kaliningrad
You can find out how to get from Khrabrovo Airport to the center of Kaliningrad here →
In addition to the plane, you can get to Kaliningrad by train from the cities of Russia, Belarus and Lithuania. Trains arrive at the Southern Railway Station of Kaliningrad, which is located near the bus station, from which direct buses to the Curonian Spit depart.
The distance from the center of Kaliningrad (Victory Square) to the Curonian Spit (checkpoint) is about 36 kilometers.
Public buses No. 593 run from the Kaliningrad bus Station, located at7 Zheleznodorozhnaya Street, to the Curonian Spit. Tickets can be purchased at the ticket offices of the bus station or online in advance on the bus station's website.
Attention! The route may change. We recommend that you check the information about the route, bus schedule, fare and ticket purchase conditions on the official website of the busstation : avl39.
You can also get to the Curonian Spit through Zelenogradsk. This option is more convenient because it provides more options for public transport.
Independently on the Curonian Spit from Zelenogradsk
You can get to Zelenogradsk from Kaliningrad by electric trains, buses or taxis.
You can find out about all the ways to get to Zelenogradsk from Kaliningrad (the airport and the city center) here →
The distance from the center of Zelenogradsk to the Curonian Spit (checkpoint) is less than 5 kilometers.
You can get to the Curonian Spit from Zelenogradsk by taxi, car, or buses. You can also ride a bicycle; bicycles can be rented in Zelenogradsk.
Public buses from Zelenogradsk to the Curonian Spit run from the station (stop) located near the railway station of Zelenogradsk. Buses No. 593 (from Kaliningrad), 210 and 596 (from Svetlogorsk).
The fare depends on the distance. Payment to the driver on the bus.
The schedule of buses 210 and 596, as well as stops along the Curonian Spit, can be found on the website of the Municipality of the Zelenograd city District in the section "Information for citizens" - "Transport": zelenogradsk.
Independently on the Curonian Spit from Svetlogorsk
You can get to Svetlogorsk from Kaliningrad by electric trains, buses or taxis.
You can find out about all the ways to get to Svetlogorsk from Kaliningrad (the airport and the city center) here →
The distance from the center of Svetlogorsk to the Curonian Spit (checkpoint) is from 33 kilometers.
You can get to the Curonian Spit from Svetlogorsk by taxi, car, or buses. You can also take an electric train or bus to Zelenogradsk, and from there to the Curonian Spit.
Public buses from Svetlogorsk (including Otradnoye and Pionerskiy resort) - № 596.
Entrance to the Curonian Spit. Visit to the Curonian Spit
Entry to the Curonian Spit (visiting the spit) by cars, motor vehicles, bicycles is paid.
There is also a paid and walking pass.
The payment for the visit is 300 rubles per person. If by car, the payment is charged for each passenger + 150 rubles per car.
There are preferential categories of citizens for whom visiting the Curonian Spit is free, including children under 18 years old.
You can pay for a visit to the spit on the spot (at the checkpoint) or in advance online on the official website.
Attention! Tariffs, benefits and payment terms may change, we recommend that you check the information on the official website of the National Park "Curonian Spit "in the section" Travel " - "Cost of services and benefits": park-kosa.
You can also find out the cost and buy a ticket online here: kkosa.ru/pay.
When entering and traveling along the spit on public buses, passengers do not pay for visiting the spit (only a bus ticket is paid).
You can visit the Curonian Spit for free along the sandy coast along the Baltic Sea. Learn more about walking on the spit from Zelenogradsk to the village of Lesnoy...
How to get around the Curonian Spit
There is one paved road 27A-015 along the Curonian Spit, along which all movements take place.
On the road there are signs for sights and villages, as well as bus stops.
When traveling along the spit by car, parking of vehicles is allowed only at specially equipped sites that are located near all the main attractions of the spit.
There are cafes, snack bars and souvenir shops near some parking lots near the attractions of Kos.
You can travel along the spit on the same buses as you can get to the spit. Stops are located in villages and near attractions.
By bicycle, which can be rented in the villages of Kos. Bicycles are provided with locks; you can leave bicycles at the beginning of the routes of the sights of the spit.
You can also move on foot. For example, from the Fishing to the Dancing Forest and the Muller Height; from the Sea to the Eph height and the Swan Lake route; from the Forest to the Royal Forest and the Museum Complex visitor center.
You can stay on the Curonian Spit in the villages of Lesnoy, Rybachy and Morskoe. There are hotels, apartments, holiday homes, camp sites.
All accommodation facilities in the village of Lesnoy can be viewed and booked here
All accommodation facilities in the village of Rybachy can be viewed and booked here
All accommodation facilities in the village of Morskoye can be viewed and booked here